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Need to Know about Lactose Intolerance in Children

Cartoon on Lactose Intolerance
Three days ago I was invited to provide a health orientation at an Elementary school about the kind of foods which should be given to children and knowing the food they can tolerate but surprisingly people aren't aware of Food intolerance especially in this part of the world. which is getting quite common in today’s children and it can be difficult to know whether your infant or child is having symptoms of lactose intolerance or whether he or she may have a milk allergy.

For many Kids, an ice cream Sunday or cool glass of milk at lunch means an afternoon of cramps, gas and diarrhea.

What is Lactose?

Lactose is a sugar found in foods that many children love-milk and dairy products, such as frozen yoghurt, some breads, cereals and frozen canned foods. Lactose is broken down by the lactase enzyme located in small intestine. When we eat lactose, lactase breaks lactose down into two simple sugars: glucose and Galactose. The body absorbs these simple sugars into our intestine. When there is a decrease or loss of the lactase enzyme, we cannot break down or absorb lactose. The unabsorbed lactose can lead to symptoms which is called intolerance.

What is Lactose Intolerance?

Lactose intolerance is a condition caused by lack of an enzyme called lactase. Inadequate amounts of lactase cause the body to be unable to digest lactose, a sugar found in milk and milk products. The disorder affects some populations more than others: African-American, Jewish, Mexican Americans e.t.c. it is least common among people with a northern European Heritage.


What Causes Lactose Intolerance?

The painful gas in lactose Intolerance
Injuries or Diseases at the small intestine which can reduce the amount of enzymes produced which is the usual cause of intolerance in children. But, most causes of Lactose intolerance develop over a period of many years in adolescents and adults.


Symptoms of Lactose Intolerance in Children?

Symptoms that are observed depend on the amount of Lactose that’s consumed, the time (30 minutes and 2 hours) of consumption of a diary product. Here are symptoms you should look out for:
  • ·         Cramps
  • ·         Painful gas
  • ·         Bloating
  • ·         Gas
  • ·         Diarrhoea
  • ·         Malnourishment
  • ·         Gradual growth
  • ·         Watery eyes
  • ·         Coughing
  • ·         Vomiting
  • ·         Stools


How is Lactose Intolerance Diagnosed?

The most common diagnostic tests are used to measure the absorption in the Digestive system include:

Lactose Tolerance Test- 

This test measures the absorption of Lactose in digestive system. After Fasting, the patient drinks a Liquid that contains lactose. The diarrhoea stools are then tested for the next 24 hours.

Undigested lactose fermented by bacteria in the colon creates lactic acid and other fatty acids, which can be detected in a stool sample, along with glucose as a result of unabsorbed lactose.

Hydrogen breath Test- 

The patient drinks a lactose- heavy beverage. The breath is then analysed at regular intervals to measure the amount of hydrogen. Undigested Lactose in the colon is fermented by bacteria, resulting in the production of various gases, including hydrogen. When high levels of hydrogen are present in the breath improper digestion of lactose is diagnosed.

Stool Acidity test- 

This test used in infants and young children measures the amount of acid in the stool. Lactic acid and glucose, produced by undigested lactose,  and other fatty acids can be detected in a stool sample.

How is Lactose intolerance treated?

Treatment of Lactose intolerance depends on the extent of your child’s symptoms. Some children with lactose intolerance may be able to small amounts of dairy products without having symptoms.
·         
        Your paediatrician may recommend an over-the-counter Lactase enzyme supplement to alleviate the symptoms.
·         
        If the symptoms are severe, your paediatrician may refer your child to registered dietitian. Since dairy is a good source of calcium and vitamin D..  which all kids need while a dietitian can suggest other foods to provide those nutrients.

Finding levels of Lactose intolerance

The committee of Nutrition for the American Academy of Paediatrics recommends slowly introducing the dairy products to Judge the Child’s level of tolerance.
  • ·         Some children are able to tolerate one glass of milk, but get symptoms with a second one
  • ·         Some can’t tolerate milk but can tolerate yoghurt while some can tolerate hard cheese.
  • ·         Keep a record of your child’s tolerance by first eliminating and slowly reintroducing specific dairy products and observing the change in symptoms.
  • ·         Based on this record, you can monitor his diary intake and make sure he does not miss out on his nutrients.

Scorpion Venom used in The Treatment of Cancer Cells



           In the development of new drugs taking something from nature and modifying it has been successful tactic employed by medicinal chemists for years. Now with the use of venom, researchers are turning once- discarded drug candidates into usable drugs.

            Venom is a form of toxin secreted by some animals (e.g. scorpion, bee, snake e.tc) for the purpose of defending or causing harm to another. Off course we all know that venom can harm and kill human. However in low doses, venom will not affect normal cells while it may affect cancer cells, since cancer cells are most sensitive to e.g. modulation of various channels much needed for the very fast cellular division. Once such substance with anti-cancer potential is the cardiac glycoside Bufalin extracted from toad skin which is inhibiting a relevant ion channel for cancer cells i.e. the sodium- potassium exchange channel.

       Scorpion venom has been gaining interest as a source of new drugs, it contains a mixture of biological chemicals called peptides. Some of which are known to trigger cell death by forming proes in biological membranes.. cell death can be useful if we are able to target say tumor cells to auto-destruct.

         Investigation carried out by specialist of the Faculty of chemistry at the university of Colima (UCOL), who have identified peptides(amino acids molecules) that destroy cancer cells in vitro.

 This toxins can have very potent effects. For instance one particular small peptide known as TsAP-1, isolated from the Brazillian yellow scorpion (Tityus serrulatus) has both anti-microbial and anti cancerproperties.
            
      Laura Leticia ValdezVelazquez, Head of research, said that when the toxin, derived from scorpion venom, invades channels in the cells with this disease it produces cellular damage until killing them.
    “Centruroides tecomanus species is one of the most poisonous scorpion found in colima and we have identified a highly selective group of peptides, which indicates that they could specifically bind to cancer cells and cause their deaths” she indicates.”
        Diluted venom from blue scorpions from cuba, has been used to fight cancer for long time now by tens of thousands of patients. Though still in research phase, many patients report that tumors have disappeared upon taking the venom.

      

Mechanism of action


Kills cancer cells by ion modulation

A major anticancer action of scorpion venom is based on Chlorotoxin (CTX). This peptide found in the venom blocks small-conductance chloride channels that are highly relevant in some cancers for migration and invasion of healthy cells. It has been shown that chlorotoxin has the ability to interact with chloride channels in membrane protein in e.g glioma cells preventing trans-membrane chlorides fluxes .

Inhibits Metastasis:

Chlorotoxin can also bind to MMP-2 (Matrix metalloproteinase), a surface protein over-expressed in highly invasive tumours. the MMP proteins are involves in the breakdown of extracellular matrix in normal physiological processes such as embryonic development, reproduction and tissue remodelling, as well as in disease processes such as arthritis and metastasis.

Although the research is at a primary stage, this indicates the use of venom from scorpions used against cancer. Experts have been observing in Labortory animals that the presence of such toxins releases dopamine, and often effective drugs have been discovered but not commerialised due to delivery of the drugs.

Reference:


Chlorotoxin: a helpful natural scorpion peptide to diagnose glioma and fight tumour invasion

Chlorotoxin is a small 36 amino- acid peptide identified from the venom of the scorpion Leiurus quinquestriatus, Initially, Chlorotoxin was used as pharmacological tool to characterize chloride channels.

Basic Ideas About Your Sleeping Position


SLEEPING POSITIONS

The moment you lie on your beds, we fix on a preferred sleeping position we aren’t most times aware of it but putting thought into it we change our “usual position”. For something so simple (even babies do easily), sleep isn’t such an easy thing. Both too little and too much dozing has been linked to a host of Health problems, From Obesity and heart disease to dementia and diabetes. And sleeping position can play a role in snoring, aches and pain, heartburn and even wrinkles! It might be time to switch things up at Bedtime.

There are 3 curves on the body that you should pay attention to

Your lower back, Middle back and near your Neck. Try to maintain these natural curves when you sleep

“Eighty Percent of the population will have back problems at some point in [their] lives often times caused or aggravated by the way they sleep,” Dr Hooman Melamed, an orthopaedic spine surgeon at the DISC Sports & Spine centre

Here is a list of sleep Position you can be aware of and there health consequence:



Side Sleeping:

This position is the most common and for some good reason, it can have a whole lot of health Benefits. If you snore or have breathing problems, sleeping on your side is the best choice for opening your airways so you can breathe better at night, says Sleep specialist W. Christopher Winter, MD Medical doctor of the Martha Jefferson Hospital Sleep Medicine Centre. Pregnant women in particular should consider sleeping in this position on their left side to ease flow of blood to the mom’s heart.

But sleeping on your side have its Disadvantages “ever slept on your side and woken up with a numb arm?” occurring as a result the weight you’re putting on your arm, or another numb body part, is putting intense pressure on your blood vessels. There can be so much crushing pressure that you lose blood circulation and you wake up to roll over, explains clinical psychologist Micheal Breus, PhD, a board-certified sleep specialist and author of GOOD NIGHT: The sleep Doctor’s 4-week Program to better sleep and Better Health. Another if you have frequent indigestion at night changing your sleep position is advisable.


Back Sleeping/The soldier:

Sleeping on your back makes your weight evenly distributed across your skeletal frame. No turning and tossing due to poor blood flow. Sleeping on your back with your knees supported upward with pillows could take some pressure off your spine and relieve pain. Sleeping with your face out in the air is a winner in reducing wrinkles. People with Heart Failure, certain respiratory Diseases, Glaucoma or Gastro-esophageal reflux Disease(GERD) may benefit from taking this position.

Stomach sleeping/freefall position:


Sleeping in this position can cause the tongue to fall inwards to block the breathing tube, they are prone to snoring and this position isn’t advisable for people with apnoea, using pillow as support isn’t preferable especially if there is neck pain.
Stomach sleeping/free fall position:

This form of sleeping if you’re a back sleeper who snores and you can ‘t switch to sleeping on your side, laying on your stomach eases breathing.

But this sleeping position isn’t advisable because it doesn’t support the natural curve of your spine, leading to your spine over arching placing pressure on the joints and muscles that leads to pain numbness and tingling.

REGARDLESS OF THE HEALTH BENEFITS!


If you sleep on your side back and stomach and you are comfortable in that position, experimenting on other positions won’t do any harm, or when you feel uncomfortable in your usual position. Unless a Doctor specifically recommends switching, it’s probably best to keep doing what feels right

Suprising benefits of Aloe Vera

 Aloe Vera is really a medicinal herb that was cultivated by humans for years and years. I will share to you three very valuable medicinal uses of Aloe Vera used for years to come and/or pass the data on to others. Aloe Vera is really a succulent, soft plant which includes many pointy leaves that happen to be thickest in the bottom, then work their far to a very sharp point. There are also many little shiny white teeth on both sides in the leaf just like a serrated blade. The first on the medicinal uses of Aloe Vera that I'm going to share together with you is the most commonly known, burn/wound/sunburn application. If you ever possess sunburn, a normal burn or perhaps a minor wound…applying the sap from the inside in the aloe vera leaf can be extremely soothing indeed as well as provide healing and rejuvenating results. Other medicinal uses of Aloe Vera include one study that showed Aloe Vera traces were accountable for lowering the blood glucose levels of diabetics. People can eat Aloe Vera yoghurt or drink it in special herbals. Finally, the last with the medicinal uses of Aloe Vera that I will give out today. Aloe Vera extracts have already been used to treat ulcerative olitis and contains successfully reduced the redness. There are many other medicinal uses of Aloe Vera that I might go on about for pages…from creams, ointments, soaps, yogurts, sunscreen, sunburn relief and healing etc. No wonder people happen to be cultivating this very helpful herb for hundreds of years. Which one with the medicinal uses of natural aloe-Vera would you benefit most from? It could never hurt to possess one around!

Brighten Your Skin Using Natural Remedies


               Hydroquinone, the most common ingredient in skin lightening creams has been linked to cancer and ironically ochronosis, also known as skin darkening. Yikes!  Dark and dull skin (The dark patches) are in fact Hyper pigmentation, a sign of sun damage caused by an increased melanin production, which happens when the skin is trying to protect itself from over exposure to UV ray, environmental pollution, a medical condition and the only way to truly reduce dark patches is to ex-foliate regularly: Removing surface layers of damaged skin with lighten dark spots over time as new skin replaces damaged skin. And you can save yourselves time and money by using natural remedies that will effectively brighten and lighten your skin complexion.

1.     Yoghurt

         Yoghurt, a by-product of milk, has many nutrients that are good for the skin. It also contains lactic acid that has bleaching properties. When applied externally helps to clear the skin and moisturises it.
Simply spread some fresh yoghurt onto your face and let it sit for 20 minutes. Rinse off as usual. As an alternative you can also try mixing yoghurt with a tablespoon of honey or lemon for best results.

    


2.     Lemon 

           A natural exfoliator, comes into play in this skin lightening remedies. After cleansing, slice open a lemon hold one half by the rind and rub the juicy side all over your face, being careful to avoid your eyes. The alpha-hydroxyl acids (AHAs) in the lemon encourage ex-foliation by sloughing away the outer layer of the dead skin cells, improving circulation and stimulating new cell growth. The fruit acid dissolves the old skin cells and making room for the new. Leave the juice on for five minutes or less, if the stinging is too much then rinse off. This treatment is even more effective in a steamy bathroom or sauna.

3.     Honey

         Honey helps to bleach skin while also acting as a moisturising agent. Dry skin is a common factor that contributes to uneven skin tone. Honey also has antibacterial properties that can help fade age spots and acne scars. Apply Pure honey to your face and just don’t give into the temptation to lick it all off. Leave the honey on for as much as 20 minutes the rinse off with lukewarm water. This remedy will help remove dead skin cells, making your skin appear brighter and fresher than before.

4.    Orange

        The most important ingredient in skin care is Vitamin C, which you can get in abundance form oranges. Plus, Oranges have bleaching property that can lighten your skin tone. It has been found that regular consumption of fresh orange juice can greatly improve the overall texture of your skin as well as its suppleness. Grind dried Orange peels into powder mix with Yoghurt and apply to your face and neck to get brilliant skin brightening results. You can also mix a tsp of honey to lighten pigmentation marks and to help unveil soft shining skin tone. It should be done twice a week.

5.     Aloe Vera

         Aloe Vera can alleviate hyper pigmentation and restore your skin’s original colour. Also the cooling effect of aloe Vera helps regenerate new cells and rebuilds damaged tissue, which is important for healthy skin. This simple remedy using aloe Vera can lighten dark spots and improve your overall skin complexion. By rubbing the inside of the plant (the gel part) on your face, you will make your skin feel brighter and refreshed.


6.     Tomatoes

 Remember when our mothers endlessly emphasized on the benefits of tomatoes for skin? because tomatoes can actually whiten and moisturise your skin naturally. They make your skin glow and appear fairer than ever before. Consuming one raw tomato on . Apply the mask every two days once and watch the magic happen!daily basis, you can also make a mask out of freshly crushed tomatoes with yoghurt.

With regular use, these remedies can improve skin texture as well as reduce brown spots and wrinkles but only if you continue to protect your skin from the sun. Avoid Prolonged use of Chemical bases Cosmetic product. Oh, and keep a hat handy for sunny days. With a bigger brim than mine! 

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Need to Know about Lactose Intolerance in Children

Three days ago I was invited to provide a health orientation at an Elementary school about the kind of foods which should be given to chi...